The smart CIO has his finger on the pulse of cloud computing solutions, but whether you think cloud is merely a marketing term to identify the virtualization trend that's been prevalent in the last decade or a savvy new way of approaching IT, you have several options when it comes to customizing your own cloud strategy.
Public cloud computing solutions are a known quantity: With extra security vetting and pure unadulterated computing power, you can access turbo-charged, major-league technology on a Tee Ball budget and allow your professionals to concentrate on bringing value back to the organization instead of chasing security patches and leapfrogging over broken server racks. Private clouds are a blend of the agility and scaling of the public cloud, with one important advantage over public offerings: control. When dealing with ultra-sensitive industries like financial services and health care or industries dealing with information that could risk national security, like defense contractors, CIOs are uncomfortable with turning their data palace over to a third-party hosting provider.
This guide is part of SearchCIO-Midmarket.com's Midmarket CIO Briefings series, which is designed to give IT leaders strategic guidance and advice that addresses the management and decision-making aspects of timely topics. For a complete list of topics covered to date, visit the
Table of contents
- Building an effective cloud strategy
- Are public cloud computing solutions a good fit for your IT shop?
- Why private clouds get a bad reputation
- Exploring the risks of moving to a cloud solution
- More cloud computing resources
|Building an effective cloud computing strategy||Table of Contents|
Despite the fact that the term cloud computing solutions has been floating around the blogosphere for years, there's still a lot of confusion about what it really is. Some midmarket companies wrote off the cloud paradigm as "something giant companies do," but in reality, cloud services are just a simple way to outsource your IT needs to a third party on a pay-as-you-use model, similar to what you're already doing with Web hosting, telephony or even the electricity that keeps the lights turned on in cubicles. Cloud computing removes huge up-front capital expenses to low operating costs, which is a big win for midsized companies.
The biggest thing to consider in developing your cloud strategy is which of your company's strengths are a predictive measure of future success. The processes that you don't absolutely require for the survival of your business are great candidates for dipping a toe into cloud computing solutions: necessary business functions, certainly, but if your access to them were hindered, you would still be able to function. After you decide that, you have a choice in deployment models, deciding to go with private clouds or public cloud models based on how much infrastructure you want to own and manage and how much of your data you want in the hands of others. You should also consider security and compliance before making your final decision.
Get more tips in "Cloud computing basics: Planning and understanding a cloud strategy." Also:
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| Are public cloud computing
a good fit for your IT shop?
|Table of Contents|
Midmarket CIOs are part of the public cloud action; 70% to 85% of CIOs are planning to move their primary applications to public cloud options in the next year. Some cite agility as a primary reason for this decision, as they can perform major transformations in short order, taking advantage of services like Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud and Google Inc.'s email to enable them to act quickly and take no prisoners. "I was skeptical of cloud services a year ago. But we can switch server configurations on Amazon in 15 minutes. Office moves used to be a real hassle. Now, all our offices run on the Internet. We put a connection in the new space, tell the people to take their phones and routers, and give us a call when they move into the new space," said Larry Bolick, CIO of Aquent LLC, a Boston-based marketing and design staffing firm.
The biggest reason for the migration to the public cloud might just be a sign of economic hope: Midmarket companies are growing fast, and by utilizing public clouds, they don't have to make a big capital leap with hardware upgrades. In fact, businesses growing at a rate of 10% or more per year are twice as likely to move software and infrastructure to the cloud, said Tim Furey, chairman of MarketBridge, a provider of technology-enabled solutions for sales and marketing to Fortune 1,000 and emerging growth companies. Whether businesses are growing after moving to the public cloud or because they moved, the fact remains: Public clouds are a good place to dip a toe or really optimize your infrastructure with the potential for maximum adaptability.
Learn more in "Midmarket use of public cloud computing is fueled by company growth." Also:
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|Why private clouds get a bad reputation||Table of Contents|
While there is still much consternation about private versus public clouds, many companies are starting to think of their own data centers as "private clouds." While this is technically true, there are certain key points that define a true private cloud from your run-of-the-mill data center. The key lies in virtualization and tiered services, turning the IT department into a profit center for the rest of the organization. The true private cloud environment has an ability to quickly provision new services as the business needs, in a time frame that is measured in days rather than fiscal quarters. A true private cloud also has the ability to grow in a granular and measured manner, without having to acquire unnecessary resources for special circumstances and affecting the bottom line. A real private cloud also is centrally managed and watched at both the workload and aggregate levels. The key is in flexibility.
One midmarket company has implemented a private cloud-like solution to fantastic results. Scott Lowe provides a detailed case study from Westminster College, where the IT department has become a service provider to the rest of the organization. He details its three keys for success in its virtual infrastructure, optimizing operability while decreasing risk.
Read Westminster College's success story with the private cloud paradigm in "Musings on the phenomena of private clouds." Also:
clouds can maximize your IT services
Private clouds offer the maximum in flexible IT services, with prices tailored to the midmarket IT shop. We have five very good reasons why you should consider a private cloud.
about private clouds may shortchange your organization.
Are misperceptions preventing you from taking advantage of private clouds? Jonathan Hassell gets to the bottom of some common confusion about the private cloud trend.
|Exploring the risks of moving to a cloud||Table of Contents|
Not only are there risks to consider with cloud computing at a broad above-the-table level that is fully sanctioned by your IT structure, but there are also risks to mitigate that are outside of your control. Consider this scenario: you've gone through due diligence and decided that a certain cloud strategy is right for your company, then you find out that a few rogue employees have been buying their own cloud service to get around your internal governance process for months. It seems unlikely, but more and more, IT directors are finding out about teams and projects implemented using simple collaborative tools like Google Docs to store highly confidential information or using Amazon.com Inc. services to run as sandboxes for projects that seemed harmless on paper. With a proper risk management strategy tailored specifically to cloud computing, you can keep your data secure and manage user expectations.
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|More cloud computing resources||Table of Contents|
In this video interview, James Staten, a principal analyst at Forrester Research Inc., provides quick "getting started" information on taking advantage of cloud computing options.
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the cloud as a software testing service
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This was first published in March 2011